Monday, September 17, 2012

Learn About and Join NAA NYM's Free Sibling Support Group

NOTE:  Dr. Selma Miller is the moderator of our sibling support group.  Below she shares her personal story and the successes of our first series of sibling support group sessions last winter/spring.  We hope that if your ASD child has a typical sibling ages 8-13, that you consider having them attend our new series of support group, meeting twice a month, starting October 3.  Visit NAA NYM's website for more details.

Siblings and the NAA NYM Sibling Support Group
By Dr. Selma Miller

I am the younger sibling of an adult sister, now in her mid-80s, with autism.  Many years ago, my sister was diagnosed as mentally retarded, and it was only years later that she received an autism diagnosis.  In my experiences both as Frances’s sister and as a mental health professional, I have found very little information that addresses the effect on “typical” siblings of growing up in a family that includes a child with developmental or physical challenges.   However, a great deal of literature describes the effect on the entire family of having a person with an illness, psychological or physical. Just a few weeks ago, the New York Times had a feature article in the Science section on the strains of being a caretaker. Although the article focused on being the elderly partner of a person with dementia or Alzheimer’s, it also addressed the strain of all illnesses on caretakers and families in general.

And just as the literature focuses on families and caretakers, support groups are plentiful for adult caretakers but few groups exist for typical children in the home of a child with a disability. This focus may exist because adults who live with or care for family members with physical or developmental challenges are so overwhelmed that they have little time left to address the needs of other children and are grateful for fact that these children have no apparent pressing needs. The needs of the typical child are frequently compatible with the needs of the family. Some healthy children become overachievers to make up for their sibling’s challenges, others become surrogate parents and take on parental responsibilities. Still others become defensive and feel they have a responsibility to defend their sibling. Regardless of the role they take, their need for help may not be obvious and thus they do not command the attention either in the literature or in supportive groups.

In 1974 I wrote my doctoral dissertation, “Sibling Relationships in Families with a Retarded Child.”  I was unaware of the lack of resources, but knew that I was interested in finding out more about other families like mine.  Growing up, I had not known any other families with developmentally disabled children and was reluctant to ask my mother too many questions for fear I would upset her. I had been told that my sister Frances was a normal baby and only started to change when she was about two years old. It seemed natural to want to be a “big” girl and do things for myself, in fact I felt proud when I could do things Frances could not. All that changed, however, when my parents became old and more responsibility shifted to me. I felt overwhelmed and didn’t really have anyone to talk to. I realized only those who had had similar experiences could understand my challenges as the sibling of a developmentally disabled child. It was at that time that I learned the importance of having a “group.” The AHRC had helped me with my dissertation, and through them I met Kathryn, Marilyn and Bonnie. We got together and formed a sibling group. Little by little this group of four has grown and today consists of a thriving 30 registrants. They are now accepted by the AHRC and take trips and go to camp together.

The value of this experience for me many years ago and the apparent lack of other similar groups, inspired me to approach the New York Metro Chapter of the National Autism Association with the idea of forming such a group for children. When the announcement was sent out to NAA NYM’s mailing list, the response was immediate. People signed up to have their children – ages 8-13 – come to our group on a monthly basis from February through July 2012. It was now necessary to find a place where the group could meet. We were fortunate to obtain space with “Emerge and See,” an educational center serving children on the autism spectrum and their families. They were extremely welcoming, set aside a cabinet, and arranged one of several rooms in an appropriate way for the group to gather.

We started slow, so that the children felt comfortable in sharing their feelings, which they eventually did. The first week we each told a bit about ourselves, and our families. Nothing specific - things that we liked to do in spare time, our favorite T.V. programs, and things that we did as a family.  By the fourth week, many different feelings emerged. There were opportunities to learn more about the implications of their siblings’ special needs. The themes that came up in my group in 1974 are the same themes children in our NAA NYM group expressed, almost 40 years later. One constant theme reiterated by several of the program participants was the lack of a sibling to play with, another recurring concern for some children was the sense of embarrassment when their sibling acted up in public places.

As one child said, she is embarrassed when her family goes shopping and her sibling starts having a fit and making inappropriate noises. When people stare at them she doesn’t know what to do. Others shared their experiences. Another child in the group was curious as to whether I had ever experienced this behavior with Frances and asked what I did.

I said that yes, I had experienced similar embarrassing moments over the years. As I got older I learned to smile and walk away. I learned that people are frightened when they see unusual behavior, but it still bothers me that they look at me as if I should be able to do something about the outburst - or at least that is what I imagine they are thinking.

The goal of this group is for children to know other kids out there who have many of the same struggles and to learn ways in which they handle the different situations they face.
Each child has a different story and a different experience, but often knowing that there are some similar challenges involved and that they are not alone, helps make each day a little easier and a little less lonely.

It is my hope that other organizations will follow NAA NYM and start similar sibling groups. When children learn that they not alone, regardless of the challenges they face, they can grow up with a better sense of who they are and what they want for themselves.

1 comment:


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